Here's a look at what you need to know about Libya, an oil-rich country in North Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Chad, Niger and Sudan.
About Libya: (from the CIA World Factbook)
Land area: 1,759,540 sq km (slightly larger than Alaska)
Population: 6,002,347 (July 2013 est.)
Median age: 27.1 years
Ethnic groups: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)
Religion: Sunni Muslim 97%, other 3%
GDP: $81.92 billion (2012 est.)
GDP per capita: $12,300 (2012 est.)
Unemployment: 30% (2004 est.)
Other Facts: Libya has proven oil reserves estimated at 48.08 billion barrels, making it one of the top ten oil-rich countries in the world.
Natural gas reserves are estimated to be near 1.5 trillion cubic meters, putting Libya in the top 25 of natural gas rich countries in the world.
Colonel Moammar Gadhafi ruled Libya from 1969 to 2011. In the 1970s and 1980s he was known for supporting the Palestinian terrorist groups. In the late 1990s Gadhafi made steps toward rapprochement with the West.
Timeline: 1911-1912 - Italy gains control of the area comprising modern day Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
1940-1943 - During World War II, Axis and Allied forces battle in Libya. After the Axis troops are defeated, Italy withdraws from the country and Libya falls under French and British control postwar.
November 1949 - A United Nations resolution calls for the establishment of a sovereign state of Libya by January 1952.
December 24, 1951 - King Idris I proclaims the independence of Libya.
1959 - Significant oil reserves are discovered.
September 1, 1969 - A group of army officers led by Moammar Gadhafi overthrows the monarchy of King Idris I.
1977 - The General People's Congress (GPC) replaces the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), which has led the country since the 1969 coup.
1979 - Moammar Gadhafi resigns as secretary-general of the GPC, but remains the de factor ruler of Libya.
August 1981 - U.S. Navy jets shoot down two Libyan fighters in a confrontation over the Gulf of Sidra.
March 1982 - The U.S. imposes an oil embargo on Libya.
January 1986 - Gadhafi draws a "line of death" across the Gulf of Sidra, which he claims is Libyan territory, and warns U.S. and other foreign ships not to cross it.