As diplomats from around the world converge on New York for the U.N. General Assembly this week, the Syrian civil war, and what to do about the country's embattled regime, will be high on the agenda.
Some of the main goals are "to increase pressure and to increase the isolation of the regime of al-Assad," German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle said. Germany holds the rotating presidency of the U.N. Security Council this month.
But if history repeats itself, talks about Syria at the United Nations won't necessarily amount to effective action at the world body.
Many countries decry what they say is the Syrian government's cruel, violent treatment of civilians, and some have issued sanctions against the Syrian government.
Yet action at the U.N. Security Council has been muted. Countries such as the United States, France and Great Britain have tried to formally denounce Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's regime, but Russia and China have vetoed such attempts.
The two countries say they oppose foreign intervention in Syria and want an internal political solution. But some analysts say they believe Russia and China are worried about trade ties.
As world leaders remain at an impasse on what to do about Syria, dozens or hundreds of people are reportedly killed each day in the country. Here are the latest developments in Syria's 18-month crisis:
Envoy expresses hope
Lakhdar Brahimi, envoy to Syria for both the United Nations and the Arab League, said Monday he expects an opportunity to help quell the violence soon.
"There is no prospect for today or tomorrow to move forward, but I also told the (Security) Council that, paradoxically, now that I have found out a little bit more about what is happening in the country and the region, I think that we will find an opening in the not-too-distant future."
"Reform is not enough anymore," he added. "What is needed is change."
He said the Security Council will monitor the situation in Syria and in refugee camps closely.
"There is no disagreement, anyway, that the situation in Syria is extremely bad and getting worse; that it is a threat to the region, and a threat to peace and security in the world," he said.
On the ground: Terror in Syria's largest city
The commercial hub of Aleppo became a battlefield once again Monday, with children falling victim to incessant government attacks, opposition activists said.
At least eight people -- including three children -- were killed after warplanes pummeled a city neighborhood, the Local Coordination Committees of Syria said.
Several residential buildings were flattened, the opposition group said.
Across the country, at least 123 people were killed in violence Monday, according to the LCC. They join more than 26,000 people who have died in Syria since March 2011, opposition activists said.
Syria, on state-run media, said its forces "cleaned" an Aleppo agricultural institute "of terrorists and seized a large amount of ammunition," and "cleaned" some surrounding areas as well.
"An army unit eliminated all members of an armed terrorist group in a qualitative operation in al-Sukari neighborhood," the state-run Syrian Arab News Agency reported.
The government also reported that it inflicted "heavy losses" on "terrorists" in Damascus suburbs and elsewhere. The LCC said there was heavy shelling in Hama, leaving many people wounded.
In the capital: Dissidents call for al-Assad's ouster
With the knowledge of Syria's rulers, opposition figures met Sunday in the capital city of Damascus and urged "toppling the regime."
Denouncements of the Syrian regime are nothing new among opposition groups, though it is rare for them to be made in Damascus -- effectively under the government's watch.
But one of the most prominent and vocal opposition groups, the Syrian National Council, was not represented at the meeting