How did we get here? -- One could trace its origins back to the 1960s and the creation of the Alternative Minimum Tax. Then in 2001, President George W. Bush signed the first of two tax cuts scheduled to expire under the next president. Then, President Barack Obama twice extended those tax cuts and added his own, including a huge break on payroll taxes. In 2011, Republicans insisted on trillions in spending cuts in exchange for raising the debt ceiling under the Budget Control Act.