(CNN) - Once again, Atlanta rules the world.
At least its airport does.
More than 107 million passengers flew through Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport last year, making it the busiest passenger airport in the world for the 21st year in a row.
Atlanta also saw a 3.3% increase in passenger traffic, according to Airports Council International's preliminary world traffic report, which was released on March 13.
Globally, passenger traffic increased to 8.8 billion last year, an estimated 6% increase, while air cargo shipments increased by 3.2%.
Passenger traffic at the world's 20 busiest airports grew by 4.7% in 2018 with more than 1.5 billion passengers flying through those airports.
"It is heartening to see that global passenger traffic growth has remained resilient in the face of an increasingly tense and challenging geopolitical climate," said ACI World Director General Angela Gittens in a news release.
"With the cost of travel decreasing in many markets, and a burgeoning middle class growing in emerging markets, passenger traffic growth has remained irrepressible," said Gittens.
"Indeed, ACI's global medium-term forecasts reveal growth in demand for air services between 2018 to 2023 will grow by almost 30%. This means many national governments face the predicament of demand outstripping available airport infrastructure."
But Gittens warned of the impact of protectionist policies around the world.
"Aviation is strongly linked to the global economy and to local development, however, and the protectionist rhetoric that has swept several Western countries will continue to restrain growth in the efficient flow of people, goods and services," she said. "The ongoing trade war between the United States and several of its closest trade partners was a shock for the industry and global supply chains."
Major connecting hub
Atlanta continues to dominate the passenger market because of its location as a major connecting hub and port of entry into North America. It's within a two-hour flight of 80% of the United States population of more than 300 million people.
The airport could be facing some bumps in the road, however, as the Georgia State senate recently voted to take over control of the airport from the city of Atlanta. It's not clear that the Georgia House of Representatives will follow suit. The CEO of Delta Air Lines, the dominant tenant at the Atlanta airport, which is its hub, has expressed opposition to a state takeover.
There was no change in the rankings of the top three passenger airports.
Coming in second place, Beijing Capital International Airport passed the 100 million passengers mark in 2018, hitting nearly 101 million passengers and growing by 5.4%. Third place Dubai Airport handled 89 million passengers, increasing by only 1%. (Dubai was also the top-ranked airport for international passenger traffic, followed by London's Heathrow Airport and Hong Kong International Airport.)
Chicago tops Atlanta here
Chicago's O'Hare International Airport knocked Atlanta out of the No. 1 spot for most aircraft movements, which is airport language for takeoffs and landings. O'Hare handled nearly 904,000 movements in 2018. Atlanta handled more than 895,000 movements, and Los Angeles International Airport handled nearly 708,000 movements.
The top 20 airports for aircraft movements grew by 2.4% in 2018.
Hong Kong remains the largest air cargo airport, handling more than 5.1 million metric tonnes of cargo in 2018, a 1.4% increase over the previous year, followed by the Memphis International Airport (Tennessee, US) and China's Shanghai Pudong International Airport.
India overtook Japan to become the world's third-largest aviation market in terms of passenger throughput, behind the United States and China, according to a new ACI analysis. Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi is evidence of that trend, leaping from 16th place to 12th place in the latest rankings, with 69.9 million passengers.
The world's busiest airports 2018
1. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (Georgia, US) -- 107.4 million passengers
2. Beijing Capital International Airport (China) -- 101 million
3. Dubai International Airport (United Arab Emirates) -- 89.1 million
4. Los Angeles International Airport (California, US) -- 87.5 million
5. Tokyo's Haneda Airport (Japan) -- 87.1 million
6. Chicago's O'Hare International Airport (Illinois, US) -- 83.3 million
7. London's Heathrow Airport (United Kingdom) -- 80.1 million
8. Hong Kong International Airport (China) -- 74.5 million
9. Shanghai Pudong International Airport (China) -- 74 million
10. Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (France) -- 72.2 million
11. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (Netherlands) -- 71 million
12. New Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport (India) -- 69.9 million
13. Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (China) -- 69.8 million
14. Frankfurt Airport (Germany) -- 69.5 million
15. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (Texas, US) -- 69.1 million
16. Seoul's Incheon International Airport (South Korea) -- 68.4 million
17. Istanbul's Atatürk International Airport (Turkey) -- 68.2 million
18. Jakarta's Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesia) -- 66.9 million
19. Singapore Changi Airport (Singapore) -- 65.6 million
20. Denver International Airport (Colorado, US) -- 64.5 million
The-CNN-Wire ™ & © 2019 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner Company. All rights reserved.