ATLANTA – Republican lawmakers in Georgia have started a process that could lead to a takeover of elections in the state’s most populous county.
Many in the GOP continue to claim wrongdoing in reliably Democratic Fulton County had stolen the 2020 election from Donald Trump, even though an independent monitor found no evidence of fraud or impropriety.
Lawmakers are using a tool created by the state's sweeping new election law to exert influence over local elections. Democrats and voting rights advocates decry the takeover provision as an invitation for political interference. The county, with about 11% of the state's electorate, includes most of the city of Atlanta.
But Fulton County has been plagued with problems for years and Republicans say it's time for answers. State House Speaker Pro Tem Jan Jones and four other GOP state representatives whose districts include parts of Fulton submitted a letter Friday to the State Election Board demanding a performance review of the county’s board of registration and elections.
“I wrote the letter as a representative of constituents who have expressed concerns over the sloppy manner in which elections were conducted in Fulton County in 2020 and in the years leading up to then,” Jones, who represents a suburban north Fulton district, said Friday.
Three Republican state senators representing parts of Fulton, as well as 24 other GOP senators, sent a slightly different letter this week.
“The people deserve better and I want to see a comprehensive review and plan for improvement,” state Sen. John Albers, also from north Fulton, wrote in an email Friday.
State Democratic Party Executive Director Scott Hogan said in a statement that the takeover effort is "a shameless Republican power grab designed to suppress voters and inject partisan politics into our elections.”
Under the law that Georgia Republicans pushed through this year, the letters could lead to the State Election Board removing Fulton's five-member election board. But there remains uncertainty about how the process would work.
“The critics of it are alleging that this allows the board to just willy-nilly take over boards and change the results of elections, but there’s a lot of due process that’s built into this," said State Election Board member Matt Mashburn, a Republican.
GOP Gov. Brian Kemp and Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger expressed support, even though the new law took away Raffensperger's vote on the State Election Board.
“I appreciate the General Assembly finally supporting my movement that something needs to be done in Fulton County,” said Raffensperger. He has vigorously defended Georgia’s 2020 election results, but rarely misses an opportunity to criticize Fulton.
Mallory Blount, a spokesperson for Kemp, said the Fulton board has chronically shown “poor management and incompetence.”
“This review process will hopefully provide greater transparency, ensure local accountability and restore voter confidence,” Blount said.
Both Raffensperger and Kemp have taken withering criticism from Trump, who says Georgia’s 16 electoral votes were stolen from him. Both face 2022 GOP primary challenges from candidates echoing those criticisms, with Trump endorsing Raffensperger challenger and U.S. Rep. Jody Hice.
There could be procedural hiccups. The senators’ letter seeks review of a board employee, Fulton County Elections Director Richard Barron, while the House letter seeks a review of the county board. The Fulton board is considered the election “superintendent” by law.
Jones, Albers and others said the Senate letter is sufficient to start the process. Mashburn declined to comment. Sara Tindal Ghazal, the only Democratic appointee to the state board, says she has questions.
“We’re not in charge of hiring and firing county staff,” she said.
Under the new law, the state election board must mount a preliminary investigation and hold a hearing within 90 days of a request. The state board could suspend the county board if it finds evidence county officials violated state election law or rules three times since 2018 and haven’t fixed violations. It could also remove the county board if it finds that during at least two elections over two years the board has shown “nonfeasance, malfeasance, or gross negligence.”
The State Election Board, currently with a 3-1 Republican majority, would appoint a temporary administrator to run Fulton elections if it finds wrongdoing. The county board could seek reinstatement. If the state board refuses, its administrator would remain in place for at least nine months.
The state board must set rules for the process.
Mashburn said Fulton has done some “great things,” but said that since he began working in election law in 1988, “Fulton has been the problem, every single election.”
Mashburn called Fulton's long lines in the June 2020 primary election a “watershed moment.” The county spent millions to alleviate those problems.
The State Election Board entered into a consent order with the county to make changes for the general election, appointing independent monitor Carter Jones.
After observing from October through January, Jones wrote that he witnessed “sloppy processes” and “systemic disorganization" but did not see “any illegality, fraud or intentional malfeasance.” He concluded major changes and a managerial shakeup were needed.
Democrats say Jones' findings prove Fulton's problems don't merit a takeover.
“We already have a report from the secretary of state's hand-picked consultant saying there was no malfeasance,” Tindal Ghazal said.
Fulton County Commission Chairman Robb Pitts, a Democrat, lays the blame at Trump's feet and warns of Republican efforts to subvert Fulton County elections in 2022 and 2024.
“I will not let them get away with this circus unopposed,” Pitts said in a statement Friday. "We are exploring every legal option that is on the table and I am hopeful we will prevail against these attacks that look more like political theater than good governing.”
An earlier version of this story attributed a quote to state Democratic Party spokesperson Rebecca Galanti. The statement was from state Democratic Party Executive Director Scott Hogan.