What to know about Firefly Aerospace, the Cape's newest commercial space resident

Firefly joins Blue Origin, OneWeb in Exploration Park

By Emilee Speck - Digital journalist

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis and Firefly Aerospace officially announced Friday that the Austin-based space startup is the latest company to move into Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and Exploration Park where it will build and launch its rockets.

Firefly Aerospace doesn't have the same name recognition as SpaceX or Blue Origin, yet, but the company plans to start launching later this year and is among a growing number of companies competing for government and commercial launch contracts.

Keep reading to learn more about the newest space startup on the block.

Two rockets: small Alpha and bigger Beta

Firefly Aerospace's three-stage Beta rocket. (Image: Firefly)



Firefly Aerospace is headquartered just north of Austin, Texas, and plans to launch its Alpha rocket for the first time from California's Vandenberg Air Force Base later this year. The two-stage Alpha is a venture-class rocket capable of launching smaller payloads of around 1 ton to low Earth orbit.

With the new launch site in Florida, Firefly will also begin launching its heavier-lift rocket Beta from Launch Complex 20 by 2021.

The more powerful Beta can launch more than 8,800 pounds to low Earth orbit and more than 6,600 pounds to sun-synchronous orbit.

The rocket has three boosters strapped together along the same lines as SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy.
Both rocket’s will be powered by Firefly’s Reaver and Lightning engines.

A launch to low Earth orbit starts at $15 million, according to the company's website.

The Gamma rocket plane

A rendering of Gamma, Firefly Aerospace's rocket plane. (Image: Firefly)

Firefly also plans to develop a reusable space vehicle but it won’t be like SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy or Starship. Firefly’s Gamma plane will launch from a carrier plane – think Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo— or from the ground. Gamma will land on a runway at any airport.

According to Firefly’s website, the spaceplane’s hardware will be 75 percent reusable.

New neighbors to Exploration Park

Beta and Alpha rockets will be manufactured in Kennedy Space Center’s Exploration Park in a 150,000-square-foot facility. The building will be constructed across the street from Blue Origin’s New Glenn rocket factory and next door to OneWeb Satellite’s facility.

“Our mass production manufacturing facility in Exploration Park will enable Firefly to produce 24 Alpha vehicles a year, enabling a launch cadence that will support a rapidly expanding global small satellite revolution and the commercialization of cislunar space,” Firefly CEO Tom Markusic said.

Firefly will bring about 200 high-paying jobs to the Exploration Park facility.

Florida's spaceport authority will match Firefly's infrastructure investment up to $18.9 million through a Florida Department of Transportation program. Firefly is investing $52 million into the new facility and refurbishing Launch Complex 20.

Lunar aspirations

In November, NASA announced it had selected Firefly along with eight other U.S. commercial companies for a new Commercial Lunar Payload Services program.

The $2.6 billion NASA program is focused on conducting scientific experiments on the lunar surface and the goal is to get technology on the moon to begin the research as soon as possible. 

Firefly acting CFO Mark Watt told The Verge Firefly will provide launch vehicles and payload delivery for other companies but they are also developing a lunar lander.

The comeback kid
Firefly's expansion to Florida comes after a major comeback for the company that went bankrupt two years ago when an investor pulled out.

The company was saved when Noosphere Ventures, a Silicon Valley fund, came to the rescue funding Firefly through its first launch.

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