92ºF

Hurricanes Alpha, Beta? Active storm season may run out of names

NOAA now says 19-25 names storms possible in 2020

Local family gets stuck during Hurricane Isaias
Local family gets stuck during Hurricane Isaias

ORLANDO, Fla. – Already smashing records, this year’s hyperactive Atlantic hurricane season is about to get even nastier, forecasters predict. In the coming months, they expect to run out of traditional hurricane names and see about twice as much storm activity as a normal year.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration on Thursday upped its seasonal forecast, now predicting a far-above-average 19 to 25 named storms -- seven to 11 of them to become hurricanes and three to six of those to become major hurricanes with winds of at least 111 mph (178 kph). That’s a few more storms than the agency’s May forecast. The agency increased the chance of an above average hurricane season from 60% to 85%.

“It looks like this season could be one of the more active in the historical record,” but unlikely to be beat 2005′s 28 named storms, said NOAA lead forecaster Gerry Bell.

Colorado State University, which pioneered hurricane season forecasts decades ago, on Wednesday upped its forecast to 24 named storms, 12 hurricanes and 5 major hurricanes -- all higher than their June forecast.

An average year, based on 1981 to 2010 data, is 12 named storms, six hurricanes and three major hurricanes. Lead Colorado State forecaster Phil Klotzbach said all the factors that cause hurricane seasons to be busy are dialed up, including increased storminess in Africa that seeds the biggest hurricanes, warmer water that fuels storms and reduced high level winds that kill storms.

"Everything looks ready to be a pretty huge year," said University of Miami hurricane researcher Brian McNoldy, who said it's likely that there will be more storms than names. There are 21 names assigned to a hurricane season. If there are more than 21 storms, meteorologists turn after Wilfred to the Greek alphabet -- Alpha, Beta, Gamma and so on.

2020 hurricane season outlook
2020 hurricane season outlook

In a normal year, about 90% of storm activity comes after August 6, with mid-August to mid-October as peak season. So far this year, there have been nine named storms, with most setting a record for being early. The most destructive so far has been this month’s Hurricane Isaias which killed at least nine people and left millions of people without power.

“Nine storms to this date is crazy,” Klotzbach said. Since 1995, when the Atlantic started a more active period for hurricanes, the average season has seen 12 named storms forming after August 5, he said.

The number of storms don’t matter as much as where they go, MIT meteorology professor Kerry Emanuel said, noting the busy 2010 hurricane season that barely touched the United States.

While the predictions are about the number of storms and don’t say where they strike, Klotzbach’s forecast says more storms increases the chance of another U.S. landfall. It says there’s a 74% chance that yet another storm will hit the U.S. coastline somewhere, with a 49% chance of a hit on the East Coast and Florida peninsula and a 48% chance of a hit on the Gulf Coast.

Most of this year’s storms so far have been weak, decapitated by high level winds and dry air, but Klotzbach said that’s about to change.

In May, NOAA had predicted 13-19 named storms, six to 10 hurricanes and three to six of them becoming major hurricanes.

Sea surface temperatures in the eastern Atlantic are nearly 2 degrees (1 degree Celsius) warmer than normal. That not only provides more fuel for storms but changes air pressure and winds to make favorable conditions for storms to form and strengthen, he said.

Emanuel of MIT pointed to an extra quiet Pacific storm season as another indicator for an active Atlantic. When the Pacific is quiet, the Atlantic tends to be much busier as they tend to balance out.

Tropical activity.
Tropical activity.

Also, water temperatures near the equator in the Pacific are cooling, with a brewing La Nina, which is the flip side of El Nino. Research shows there are usually more Atlantic storms during a La Nina.

Tropics news you can use

  • The earliest “I” storm on record was Isaias in 2020.
  • 2020 is the first time there were nine named storms by the end of July.
  • Historically, only two named storms form on average by early August, and the ninth named storm typically doesn’t form until October 4.
  • 2020 could be one of the most active hurricane seasons ever. There were 28 storms in 2005.
  • If there are more than 21 named storms, the Greek alphabet will be used. The letters Q, U, X, Y and Z are not used for storm names.
  • The new prediction is not a forecast for land-falling storms.
2020 storm names.
2020 storm names.

About the Author: