NEW YORK – Shares retreated in Europe and Asia on Friday ahead of the release of U.S. jobs data.
Optimism over moves by China to ease strict pandemic controls appeared to have faded, replaced by worries over indications recession may be looming.
Oil prices fell as the European Union was edging closer to a $60-per-barrel price cap on Russian oil in a maneuver designed to keep Russian oil flowing into global markets while clamping down on President Vladimir Putin’s ability to fund his war in Ukraine.
U.S. benchmark crude oil lost 16 cents to $81.06 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. It gained 67 cents to $81.22 per barrel on Thursday.
Brent crude oil, the standard for pricing oil for international trading, shed 6 cents to $86.82 a barrel.
Germany's DAX was flat at 14,489.59 and the CAC 40 in Paris lost 0.5% to 6,723.62. Britain's FTSE 100 gave up 0.5% to 7,522.46.
The futures for the S&P 500 and the Dow Jones Industrial Average were 0.1% lower.
Action was muted as traders awaited a closely watched monthly report on jobs due out Friday that will show how the labor market is holding up, which may influence what the Fed does next in its bid to cool inflation.
A moderate reading might improve buying sentiment, said Ipek Ozkardeskaya of Live.com, given that “investors are dying to price in the goldilocks scenario, which is the sweet combination of slowing inflation, but a mild economic slowdown, which means mild deterioration in the U.S. jobs data."
Shares fell in New York on Thursday after a U.S. measure of inflation that’s closely watched by the Federal Reserve eased in October, raising questions over the central bank’s determination to keep raising interest rates to tame price increases.
A report by the Institute for Supply Management also showed that prices are falling and that American manufacturing contracted in November for the first time since May 2020.
Slower growth due to tighter monetary policies has slowed new orders and order backlogs, “which saw manufacturing conditions contracting for the first time since June 2020," Jun Rong Yeap of IG said in a report. That may suggest that with “inflation risks behind us now, ‘bad news’ in economic data may not be ‘good news’ for markets as recession fears could be brewing," he said.
Signs of weakening trade, especially for export dependent economies in Asia, have deepened worries over slowing growth in China and its implications for the global economy.
Tokyo's Nikkei 225 index lost 1.6% to 27,777.90 and the Hang Seng in Hong Kong fell 0.3% to 18,675.35. The Kospi in Seoul shed 1.8% to 2,434.33.
The Shanghai Composite index gave up 0.3% to 3,156.14 and Australia's S&P/ASX 200 slipped 0.7% to 7,301.50.
Bangkok's SET index lost 0.5% and the Sensex in Mumbai was down 0.7%.
The declines followed a 0.1% retreat Thursday in the benchmark S&P 500. The Dow industrials fell 0.6%, while the Nasdaq edged 0.1% higher. The Russell 2000 index of small companies fell 0.3%.
Markets rallied Wednesday after Fed Chair Jerome Powell the central bank could begin moderating its pace of rate hikes at its next meeting in mid-December. The Fed, though, has been very clear about its intent to continue raising interest rates until it is sure that inflation is cooling.
A big concern for Wall Street has been whether the Fed can tame rates without sending the economy into a recession as it hits the brakes on growth. Businesses are seeing demand fall for a wide range of goods as inflation squeezes wallets. Analysts generally expect the U.S. to dip into a recession, even if it is mild and short, at some point in 2023.
In currency dealings, the U.S. dollar slipped to 133.90 Japanese yen from 135.31 yen late Thursday. The euro rose to $1.0540 from $1.0522.